Improving Twiddle Access for Number Theoretic Transforms: The Beginnings
Number Theoretic Transforms (NTTs) play a critical role in the generation of ZKPs. Several notable ZK proof systems, including Plonky2 and other STARK-based proof system rely heavi...
Nov 29 _ 6 min read
Accelerating Multi-Scalar Multiplication in Hardware… and Software
Zero-Knowledge proofs have many amazing properties, but today, they suffer from a fundamental issue — they’re expensive and difficult to make. In this article, we describe our appr...
Oct 31 _ 6 min read
Scaling Smart Contract Security: Why We Invested in Certora
Smart contracts are one of the primary drivers of innovation in the crypto ecosystem. These self-executing instruments act as building blocks for trustless, interconnected applicat...
May 17 _ 3 min read
A Foray into Blockchain Scalability
Introduction In the last article, we developed a framework for analyzing L1s. We pointed out briefly that the motivation behind many of these novel L1s has largely been centered ar...
Mar 31 _ 15 min read
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